psychopathologylectureoutline

psychopathologylectureoutline - Psychopathology Mental...

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Psychopathology
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Mental Disorder: any behavior or emotional state that causes distress or suffering, is maladaptive and disturbs relationships and the greater community Legal Standards: whether or not a person is in control of behavior and aware of the consequences of his/her actions
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Classifying Mental Disorders DSM-IV TR: Standard reference book for all disorders Around 300 mental disorders in this latest version Descriptive and provides a set criteria for diagnosis
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DSM-IV TR: 5 Axes or Dimensions 1) Primary Clinical Problem (Anorexia, anxiety) 2) Personality Disorders (Personality disorders and mental retardation) 3) Medical Conditions relevant to disorder (diabetes) 4) Social and environmental problems (Evan’s family’s history of substance use) 5) Global Assessment of Functioning
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Problems with the DSM Classifications The danger of overdiganosis The power of diagnostic labels Many of the symptoms are based on subjective not objective measure Some categories have political/social implications
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Disorders of Childhood Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autism: severe impairment in social interaction and communication Asperger’s Syndrome: higher level communication skills than autistic children, significant social impairment (facial feedback training)
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Inattention, impulsivity and or/hyperactivity which is inappropriate for a child’s particular developmental age ~5% of school aged children More likely to be males Genetic link runs in families Multimodal treatment approach: Ritalin
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Conduct Disorder (Evan was originally diagnosed with) Violate social norms Physical aggression Cruelty to animals Lack remorse May be a precursor to sociopath
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Tourette’s Syndrome
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  • Summer '08
  • Malley
  • Schizophrenia, Schizoid personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder

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