Stress+and+Coping+outline.ppt

Stress and Coping ou - Stress and Coping • Stress Any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well being • Stress has

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Unformatted text preview: Stress and Coping • Stress: Any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well being • Stress has both psychological and physiological components • Frustration: the pursuit of a goal is prevented • Conflict: two or more competing and incompatible goals occur • Three general types of conflicts: – Approach-approach conflicts: a choice must be made between two desirable goals. The least stressful type of conflict (desert tray comes and you have $6, you can only choose one) – Avoidance-avoidance conflict: a choice must be made between two unattractive goals (study for math, do chores around the house) – Approach-avoidance conflict: a choice must be made about to achieve a goal which has both positive and negative attributes (get a new great paying job offer but in the middle of Idaho) • Change: any notable difference in one’s life which requires adaptation. Both positive and negative life changes can be stressful. • Holmes and Rahe Social Readjustment Scale: – Death of a spouse 100 points – Marital Reconciliation 45 points – Chance in Financial Status 38 points • Pressure: expectations or demands that one behave in a particular manner • General Adaptation Syndrome (Selye) – All types of stressful situations lead to a similar stress response consisting of three stages. – Alarm: the body releases adrenal hormones, sympathetic nervous system is activated – Resistance: body is on “high alter” – Exhaustion: increased physiological vulnerability to stress • Kanner: also studied stress in terms of “daily hassles;” the sum total of mundane life tasks combine to create significant levels of stress • Coping: What strategies you use to buffer against the stress cycle. Active efforts to master, reduce, or accept the demands created by stress •...
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2010 for the course PYSCH 111 taught by Professor Malley during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Stress and Coping ou - Stress and Coping • Stress Any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well being • Stress has

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