TherapyLectureoutline-2 - Treatment Modalities Biological...

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Treatment Modalities
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Biological Therapies Psychotropic Medication: alter the biochemistry of the brain Ritalin for ADHD Paxil/Xanax for anxiety Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa for Depression Lithium for Bi-polar disorder
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Psychosurgery: lesion/destroy problematic areas of the brain to eliminate disruptive behaviors (lobotomy; ocd surgery) Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): shock therapy, beneficial to those with severe depressions which are not responsive to medication/therapy. Can lead to memory impairment, unclear on why/how it works Wire thin electrodes in the brains Use handheld device to change the current to the electrodes in the brain and emotions felt in the mind, make them feel giddy/happy Manipulating the moods of these people These electrodes are brain stimulation Ethical issues surrounding this
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Psychoanalysis: based on Freudian principles believing in the impact of early childhood Uses Free association: saying whatever comes to mind Dream Interpretation Transference: develop relationship with therapist based on other people in one’s life Goal to uncover UCS conflicts to decrease anxiety/stress caused by guilt
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