PRWORA09 - TheShifttoWorkBased Welfare BushsLegacy...

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The Shift to Work-Based  Welfare
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Bush’s Legacy Typically, welfare reform is associated with Clinton PRWORA of 1996 → GOP Congress played key role “Ending welfare as we know it” Perception that little changed under Bush Significant change to welfare policy under Bush Caseloads declined by 30% from 2001-2008 Reauthorization of welfare reform Dramatic change in character of welfare assistance Increased visibility of marriage promotion and faith-based organizations
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TANF Caseload Decline Note: 1997-99 data are annual averages, data for 2000-08 are March totals Source: Department of Health and Human Services. Scott Allard data. Change in Number of TANF Recipients, 1997-2008 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Fiscal Year Number of Recipients (in millions)
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Reauthorizing TANF Bush proposal in 2002 No increase in block grant Increase work participation rates to 70% Narrow acceptable work activities, increase hours from 30 to 40 per week Eliminate caseload reduction credit Legislative logjams Support for status quo, War on Terror, Iraq Deficit Reduction Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 2005 (DRA) Controversial tactic by GOP - pass with a simple majority Narrows acceptable work activities Resets caseload reduction credit to 2005 as base year No separate state programs for non-working recipients
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Change in Welfare Assistance Change in TANF assistance
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