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Two Phase 27 1 A number of simple models have been proposed for the modeling of two-phase systems. These include the assumption of homogeneous flow where the phases velocities are assumed to be equal, and an equilibrium model where both phases are assumed to be at thermodynamic equilibrium. Both assumptions impact the computed void, quality and density distributions in the channel. Operating parameters for representative BWR and PWR designs are given below. For the PWR hot channel and the BWR average channel compute and plot: 1) the void and quality distributions 2) the liquid phase enthalpy distribution 3) the mixture density distribution Compare the results obtained using the following models: a) Non-equilibrium, Non-homogeneous flow b) Equilibrium, Non-homogeneous flow c) Homogeneous, Equilibrium Flow (BWR Only) You may assume the saturation properties are constant along the length of the channel and may be evaluated at the system pressure. PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR PARAMETERS Pressure 2250 psia Coolant Mass Flux 2.50 x 106lbm/hr-ft2Core Inlet Temperature 545 F Maximum Core Heat Flux 580,000 Btu/hr-ft2Rod Pitch 0.563 inches Rod Diameter 0.422 inches Fuel Height 144 inches Axial Peak to Average Ratio 1.5 The axial heat flux may be taken to be ′′′′+⎛⎝⎜⎞⎠⎟qzqzHe( )sin()=0πλBOILING WATER REACTOR PARAMETERS Core Averaged Heat Flux 144,032 Btu/hr-ft2Pressure 1000 psia Coolant Mass Flux 1.42 x 106lbm/hr-ft2Core Inlet Temperature 532 F Rod Pitch 0.640 inches Rod Diameter 0.493 inches Fuel Height 146 inches Axial Peak to Average Ratio 1.4 The axial heat flux may be taken to be ′′′′+⎛⎝⎜⎞⎠⎟+⎛⎝⎜⎞⎠⎟qzqHzHHzHee( ) = (-)(-)0πλπλsin
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