Psych - 1 The use of heuristics rather than algorithms is...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. The use of heuristics rather than algorithms is most likely to A. save time in arriving at solutions to problems. B. minimize the overconfidence phenomenon. C. involve greater reliance on language skills. D. yield more accurate solutions to problems. 2. An algorithm is a(n) A. simple thinking strategy for making decisions quickly and efficiently. B. methodical step-by-step procedure for solving problems. C. automatic, intuitive judgment. D. testing method involving trial and error. 3. After spending two hours trying to solve an engineering problem, Amira finally gave up. As she was trying to fall asleep that night, a solution to the problem popped into her head. Amira's experience best illustrates A. framing. B. insight. C. belief perseverance. D. the availability heuristic. 4. Experts would most likely agree that intelligence is a(n) A. inborn ability to perform well on standard intelligence tests. B. group of independent adaptive traits. C. general trait that underlies success on nearly any task. D. mental ability to learn from experience. 5. The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas best illustrates A. creativity. B. mental age. C. emotional intelligence. D. receptive language. 6. When Professor Garcia asks her students to answer questions in class, she can quickly tell from their facial expressions whether they are happy to be called on. Professor Garcia's perceptual skill best illustrates A. factor analysis. B. heritability. C. an algorithm. D. emotional intelligence. 7. Psychologists use ________ to assess individuals' mental aptitudes and compare them with those of others. A. factor analysis B. intelligence tests C. a universal grammar D. the g factor 8. Students watched film clips that were sad, happy, or frightening. Measures taken during their viewing of films showed that men and women differed the most in their A. changes in heart rate. B. self-reported emotions. C. facial expressions of emotion. D. changes in respiration. 9. The facial expressions associated with particular emotions are A. more similar in adults than they are in children or adolescents. B. the same throughout the world. C. learned in early childhood. D. different in Eastern and Western cultures. 10. Most humans are genetically predisposed to A. satisfy their need for political freedom before seeking emotional security. B. avoid eating carbohydrate-laden foods when feeling depressed. C. form close enduring relationships with fellow humans....
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Psych - 1 The use of heuristics rather than algorithms is...

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