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new assignment 1_1 - philosopher ought to desire and seek...

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Phil 1150: Major Questions in Philosophy First Assignment Answer the following five questions. Your answers should be one paragraph each, and you should put them in your own words . Obviously you may use concepts from the readings and lectures using the terms that you have been introduced to, but avoid simply repeating readings or lecture notes verbatim. You may use brief quotations if you think that would help your answer, although it is not required. If you do directly quote, give a page number. You may choose to separate out the components of each answer onto separate lines (e.g. premises and conclusion of an argument, distinct views of different people.) I.e. your answers do not need to be flowing, stylish prose. 1. What is Socrates’ argument in the Phaedo for the conclusion that a
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Unformatted text preview: philosopher ought to desire and seek death? Why does he believe that the premises of his argument are true? 2. Briefly explain the different views on the nature of the soul suggested in the Phaedo by Simmias, Cebes, and Socrates. 3. How does Socrates justify, in response to Cebes, his claim that the soul is not only more durable than the body, but is actually eternal? 4. Explain Anselm’s argument (in Proslogion chapter 2) for the existence of God (i.e. the Ontological argument). 5. Explain Aquinas’s teleological argument (the fifth way) from the Third Article of Summa Theologica 1 q.2. Please type and double-space your answer. Please bring a printed copy of your assignment to class on the due date (see syllabus). Do not submit in any other way except by prior approval....
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