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hist 213 final cheat sheet

hist 213 final cheat sheet - Air Superiority the condition...

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Air Superiority: the condition achieved when an air force has sufficient superiority over its adversaries that it can conduct air operations without prohibitive interference from its adversaries. It is less than air supremacy (see below). Air superiority missions are those missions intended to achieve this condition via destruction of enemy air and anti-aircraft forces. Air Supremacy: the condition whereby your air forces can conduct their operations without interference by your adversaries. It is the highest degree of air superiority. AMC: US Air Mobility Command. This is the air component of TRANSCOM, the current unified command of the Department of Defense responsible for transporting personnel and materiel of the armed forces. AMC's predecessors were the Military Airlift Command (through 1992) and Military Air Transport Service (MATS). Area Bombing: in comparison with precision bombing, this is the dropping of bombs in a general area where the nature of the installations and/or people contained within are deemed desirable targets. This is often the result of inaccurate weapons systems or the concentration of valuable targets in a confined area. Ballistic Missile : a missile which is launched by a rocket engine, but, once a certain speed is reached, is propelled to its target by the accumulated momentum – ergo it is following a ballistic trajectory. Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD): any defense which destroys ballistic missile in flight. Acronym = BMD. It has virtually replaced Anti-Ballistic Missile ( ABM ) in common usage. It includes both National Missile Defense (NMD) and Theater Missile Defense (TMD) . Blitzkrieg : literally "lightning war," the term used in the Second World War to describe the German offensives into Poland, the Low Countries, and France. These attacks combined tactical air strikes, armored forces, mobile artillery, and mechanized infantry to break through enemy defenses and were a sharp contrast to the stalemate of the trench warfare of the First World War. CAP: a combat air patrol – a force of aircraft, most often fighters, designed to provide protection for ships, troops, or aircraft, or even specific mission. A "MiG CAP" for example was an escort force designed to provide protection from Soviet-built aircraft – generically being referred to as "MiGs." CEP: circular area probable. This is a measure of bomber or missile accuracy. It is the radius around a target which identifies the area within which half of your bombs aimed at that target actually fell. The other half will have fallen outside of this circle. In other words, it roughly describes the average distance by which your bombs missed. With accumulated CEPs it is possible to estimate what a given weapon or force will do to a given target. Chandelle: an abrupt and steep climbing turn, usually taken at high speed. In combat maneuvers it is used to take advantage of the aircraft's speed which will assist in maximizing the rate of climb. Close Air Support: this refers to tactical air attacks conducted in direct support of friendly ground forces. It means attacking targets which
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