Clouds and precipitation - Clouds and Precipitation 1...

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Clouds and Precipitation 1. Clouds Two general cloud types A.Warm clouds (T > -10 C) – closer to the ground... Consist of LIQUID WATER (no ice) –Super Cool Water A. Cold clouds (T < -10 C) – Super cool water and ice (higher the cloud, more ice) A. *SNOW FORMS IN COLD CLOUDS • Produce snow flakes that can seed warm clouds (more later)
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height: cirro, alto - high and mid- level clouds (largely cold) pattern: cumulo, strato - vertically developed and stratified (cold and warm) precipitation: nimbo - precipitation bearing (cold and warm) Note the first part of the cloud names: Clouds are distinguished on the basis of their altitude, pattern, and their ability to produce precipitation.
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I. High clouds a. Cirrus –thin, wispy clouds
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I. High clouds (continued) b. Cirrocumulus
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i. High clouds (continued) c. Cirrostratus
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d. Contrails i. High clouds (continued)
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II. Middle Clouds - 8000-20,000’ high. a. Altocumulus
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b. Altostratus II. Middle clouds (continued)
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