Existentialism

Existentialism - Existentialism 17:34 What’s the point of...

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Unformatted text preview: Existentialism 17:34 What’s the point of starting a phenomenology in this book (before existence)? • Historical debate between two positions o Idealism and realism o Movement outside of the mind o Philosophy of everyday things • New methods • Intentionality o Subject & object o Natural attitude says that object is in and of itself separate form people o Intentionality studies the intentional relationship between the object and the subject The meaning of an object as it appears to me How do I relate to this object Sartre • Emotions are unreflective yet still bear meaning o Result from an unconscious process No control • Bodily processes link directly to emotions • Emotion is a way to transform the world because it is linked to our only connection with reality • What is the function of emotion? o Fear Passive Behavior of escape Abrupt realization of bodily reality We flee because we are unable to conquer our conscious Suppress the existence of danger like an ostridge with its head in the ground Active Joy • “the moment someone tells you they love you and you don’t have to think about how to sustain that love, its just there” • joy = Magical o everything I want given to me immediately Emotions • Emotion transforms the world Sartres Sketch Conclusion: Cs can be in the world in 2 different ways (pg60) • Rational/instrumental attitude o Cause and effect o Means – ends o predictable • Emotional attitude o Action at distance o Radical change o Whole Cs never jus IN a world, it constitutes the world according to meanings its made • Even in what seems to us as a passive attitude towards the world, we are still actively constituting the world Purifying reflection vs complicit reflection(pg 53, 61) • “a kind of phenomenological reduction” • a form that we are able to apply in our every day life • supposed to allow us to see that Cs is constituting our world o if were constituting it then we no longer feel captive to our emotions • if Im angry o I realize that I am angry, I realize it is not you that I am hateful of but rather it is my anger which is constituting my hatefulness o Questions and brackets the natural attitude • Complicit reflection o We think about it after the fact and articulate it as that o “Im angry because your hatefull” o not a reflection that questions o Cs is passive • Difference between Sartres PR and Husserels PR o Sartre Happens sometimes Practical Helps us with life Emphasizes practicality What makes him existentialist Accessible to all of us o Husserl A philosophical method not meant to get us anywhere...
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2010 for the course ECON 225 taught by Professor Provencher during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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Existentialism - Existentialism 17:34 What’s the point of...

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