Humeness - Humean Nature An Analytical essay by Tosh Lloyd...

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Humean Nature An Analytical essay by Tosh Lloyd Prof: Sarah Stroud T.A: Bruno Guindon In this paper I will provide an exposition of David Hume’s account of moral judgment and expose what I believe to be an error in one of his arguments. I will do this by presenting first his negative and then his positive thesis concerning moral judgments. David Hume argues that moral judgments are not products of reason (457). He is confident in this statement because of two principals that he presents, the first being that moral judgments move people to action. Hume makes this point clear when he writes, “if morality had naturally no influence on human passions and actions ‘twere in vain to take such pains to inculcate it” (457). If morality did not move you to action it would make no logical sense to spend so much time teaching morality. I think we can agree that our moral judgments on what is right and what is wrong plays a major role in deciding our actions. For instance if you judged slapping your mother to be morally wrong, you would be moved to not slap your mother. The second principle Hume employs to prove his point that moral judgments are not the product of reason is the main focus of the greater part of A Treatise of Human Nature. That is, proving that reason alone cannot motivate one to action (413). He mentions this repeatedly throughout the book. Hume states, “Reason alone can never be a motive to any action […] as it regards the abstract relations of our ideas, or those relations of objects, of which experience only gives us information” (413). Any relation of ideas only provides quantitative information about the outside
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world. This information is used in combination with your feelings to govern your actions. Since reason is the faculty of the mind that deals with relations among ideas and matters of fact, it alone cannot move one to action. Moral judgments move people to action; reason does not. Therefore moral judgments are not the product of reason. If moral judgments were in fact products of reason they would have to hold certain
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Humeness - Humean Nature An Analytical essay by Tosh Lloyd...

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