philosof exam review

philosof exam review - 02:15 1 Can desires and feelings be...

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02:15 1. Can desires and feelings be in accordance with or contrary to reason? Are they under the control of, or guided by, reason? Compare, contrast, and critically evaluate the answers of Aristotle and Hume to these questions and their arguments in support of those answers. Hume o Reason cannot control passion o Reason is the slave of the passions Reason can move you to action whereas passion (desires and  feelings) cannot Reason directs passions But people get very passionate about their morals and these do  guide your actions unless you reason that the outcome of your  desired action is worse than your orgional state Aristotle o Morals are the product of the faculty of reason being utilized o The virtuous person’s desires are in accordance with reason 2. “Someone who does not enjoy fine actions is not good,” says Aristotle (1099a18); but Kant, it seems, would not endorse this claim. Explain in detail why each takes the position he does on what moral goodness consists in. Which view is more plausible? Aristotle o Actions must be in accordance with virtue to be considered good o Virtue is in accordance with reason Kant o
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