ch7 - Chapter 7 Air Pollution: Stationary Sources: Local...

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Chapter 7 Air Pollution: Stationary Sources: Local and Regional There is strong evidence that air pollution is currently the most harmful environmental problem in Canada in terms of human health effects. David Suzuki: The Air We Breathe
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Canada: the number of preventable premature deaths, predominantly among senior citizens caused annually by air pollution range from 5,900 to 16,000. Ontario: OMA (medical association) estimated that there were 5,800 premature deaths due to air pollution in Ontario alone in 2005. The OMA projected that the annual figure will grow to 10,000 premature deaths by 2026 unless effective steps are taken to reduce smog. In addition to premature deaths, the OMA estimated there were 16,000 hospital admissions and 60,000 emergency room visits in Ontario in 2005 because of air pollution exposures.
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The OMA cost estimations (for 2005) • $374 million in lost productivity and work time; • $507 million in direct health care costs; • $537 million in pain and suffering due to non-fatal illness; • $6.4 billion in social welfare loss due to premature death. cost figures are consistent with estimates of the cost of air pollution in other countries. In 2005, 53 smog advisory days in Ontario, 24 in Quebec, and 3 in Atlantic Canada.
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SOx Emissions - Year 2005 (Without Open Sources - % of Total)
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NOx Emissions - Year 2005 (Without Open Sources - % of Total)
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VOC Emissions - Year 2005 (Without Open Sources - % of Total)
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CO Emissions - Year 2005 (Without Open Sources - % of Total)
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NH 3 Emissions - Year 2005 (Including Open Sources - % of Total)
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What are the legally binding national air quality standards for Canada? Canada does not have any – unlike the majority of industrialized countries
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Canada has National Ambient Air Quality Objectives (NAAQOs) established pursuant to the CEPA, 1999 . the NAAQOs are nonbinding voluntary guidelines.
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1 st : Enact, implement, and enforce national standards for ambient air quality to replace existing voluntary guidelines The Efficiency of Command – and – Control Approach: efficiency presumes that the ambient standards are set at efficient level o Efficiency requires a standard that maximizes net benefits. There are five aspects of the standard setting process we can examine when thinking about whether current policies are economically efficient:
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1. The threshold concept suggests that the standard is set using a health threshold . A health threshold is defined as a margin of safety sufficiently high
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2010 for the course ECON 3810H taught by Professor L.v. during the Spring '10 term at Trent University.

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ch7 - Chapter 7 Air Pollution: Stationary Sources: Local...

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