Government Definitions for Midterm 1

Government Definitions for Midterm 1 - Government...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Government Definitions for Midterm 1 1. Political culture: the characteristics and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about government and politics 2. Liberty: principle that individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, provided they do not infringe unreasonably on the freedom and well being of others 3. Equality: the notion that all individuals are equal in their moral worth and so are entitled to equal treatment under the law 4. Self government: principle that people are the ultimate source of governing authority and must have a voice in how they are governed 5. Individualism: a commitment to personal initiative, self-sufficiency and material accumulation 6. Unity: the principle that Americans are one people and form an indivisible union 7. Diversity: individuals and group differences should be respected and that these differences are themselves a source of strength 8. Politics: the process through which a society settles its conflicts 9. Social contract: a contract where ordinary people surrender the freedom they would have in a state of nature in return for the processes that a sovereign ruler can provide. 10. Democracy: a form of government in which the people govern, either directly or through elected representatives 11. Oligarchy: a form of government where the control rests with a small group, such as top- ranking military offers or a few wealthy families 12. Autocracy: a form of government where control rests with a single individual such a king or dictator 13. Constitutionalism: refers to the Lockean idea that there are limits to the rightful power of government over citizens—officials govern according to law, and citizens have basic rights that government cannot take away or deny. (Ex: free speech) 14. Socialism: assigns government a large role in the ownership of the means of production, in regulating economic decisions, and in providing for the economic security of the individuals (government does not attempt to manage the overall economy) 15. Communism: where government owns most or all major industries and also takes responsibility for overall management of the economy, including production quotas, supply points, and pricing.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
16. Capitalism: an alternative method for distributing economic costs and benefits, holds that the government should interfere with the economy as little as possible 17. Public policy: a decision by government to follow a course of action designed to produce a particular outcome. 18. Totalitarian government: assert complex dominance over individuals and the institutions of society. (they determine culture, control the media, direct the economy, dictate what can and cannot be taught in schools, define family relations, and decide which religions-if any- can be practiced openly) 19. Power: refers to the ability of persons or institutions to control public policy 20. Public policy: a decision by government to follow a course of action designed to produce a particular outcome 21. Authoritarian government: a harsh ruling government, include totalitarian ones, they
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

Government Definitions for Midterm 1 - Government...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online