PALEOPATHOLOGY - PALEOPATHOLOGY PATHOLOGY TRAUMA...

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PALEOPATHOLOGY/ PATHOLOGY & TRAUMA Paleopathology: study of ancient diseases; skeletons looked and disease’s presence assessed; endemic disease – tells us about population, also evolution of diseases Psuedopathology: eg. Scaphocephaly may look like pathology but it is not; taphonomic influence makes bone look like pathology Taphonomy: external influence on remains after death (from immediate to fossilization) eg. Discoloring due to metals copper and brass Pseudopathologies from intentional- bounding of skull: deformation of cranium (maybe misconstrued as pathology)
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Picture: rodents gnawing on pubis, happened after death due to color difference i.e post mortem trauma CAUSATIVE AGENTS: - Weight of soil: deformation of bones - Type of soil i.e acid soil (cortical surfaces eroded) - Chemical erosion (direct exposure to substances) - Plant roots may leave tracks on surface look like syphilis, mimic traumatic fractures - Animals: chew and gnaw on bones; scatter around - Excavation: bones broken due to intentional or non intentional excavation
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FRACTURES ANTIMORTEM: before death PREMORTEM: at or around death POSTMORTEM: after death ANTIMORTEM : signs of new growth in place of fracture; new bone deposited => indication that individual survived it
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POSTMORTEM : occurs after death; indiciation: differentiation of color [color difference may appear after >50 years of death]; look at fracture pattern no evidence of healing, no remodelling of bone, no staining of bone, fracture area maybe distinct if bone has dried to some extent i.e no plastic deformation [after death; bone loses resiliency it has in life] PERIMORTEM : at or around time of death; cannot establish that fracture was the cause of death; as
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