Logical Fallacies Cont - Nov 3

Logical Fallacies Cont - Nov 3 - Logical Fallacies Contd 3...

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Logical Fallacies Cont’d 3) Fallacies related to the adequacy of the premises. 1. Hasty generalization fallacy. It occurs when we draw a conclusion about a whole group based on an inadequate sample of the group. Ex) You should buy a Dell computer. They’re great. I bought one last year, and it has given me nothing but flawless performance. Ex) The French are snobby and rude. Remember those two high-and-mighty guys with really bad manners? They’re French. I rest my case. Ex) Psychology majors are incredibly ignorant about human psychology. Believe me, I know what I am talking about. My best friend is a psychology major. What an ignoramus! 2.Slipperyy slope fallacy is arguing, without good reasons, that taking a particular step will inevitably lead to a further undesirable step(s) -The pattern is “ Doing A will lead to action B which will lead to action C which will result in calamitous action D. Therefore, you should not take action A. -Slippery slope arguments are also known as the domino effect arguments and the thin edge of the wedge. Ex) We absolutely must not lose the war in Vietnam. If South Vietnam falls to the communists then Thailand will fall to them. If Thailand falls to them, then south Korea will fall to them ,. And before you
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