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Meaning and language - Sept 20

Meaning and language - Sept 20 - Meaning and language...

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Meaning and language Principle of charity -most charitable person is the one that makes our opponents view plausible, defendable Descriptive and evaluative meaning of words: -terrorists – freedom fighters - well known – renowned / distinguished / notorious -deaf / crippled – disabled - poor – economically challenged Analytic, synthetic, and contradictory statements: analytic statements are true by definition, they are self-evident truths, tautologies, also called necessary truths -ex. All squares have four sides -ex. 2+2=4 -ex. A rose is a flower -ex. You never get a second chance to make a first impression contradictory statements are analytically false statements, they are false by definition -ex. This girl is male -ex. Triangles have four sides -ex. It is at this very moment six o’clock and seven o’clock in Ottawa, Ontario. synthetic statements are dependant upon the meaning of the word used. They might be true or false, but they are not true by definition. (conditioned, requires verification) -ex. The computer screen behind me is white Ambiguity and vagueness:
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