Theories of truth and truth claims - Oct 6

Theories of truth and truth claims - Oct 6 - Theories of...

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Theories of truth and truth claims 1. Correspondence theory of truth – Plato and Aristole are the founders of this theory. It basically asserts that every truth bearer (proposition, sentence, belief, ect) is correlated to a possible fact. If the possible fact to which a given truth bearer is correlated actually obtains, the truth bearer is true; otherwise it is false -Bertrand Russell and John Austin are among the contemporary defenders of the correspondence theory of truth. They state that a truth bearer is true if and only if it corresponds to a state of affairs (and the state of affairs obtains). - In other words, correspondence theory of truth compares the truth-claims with the external world, with something that we call (physical) reality. - An objection to the correspondence theory of truth is that according to it, it is not clear what is called a fact that is supposed to correspond to the true belief. Are the facts mental constructs or are they something which is mind independent?
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  • Fall '10
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