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Unformatted text preview: Theories of truth and truth claims 1. Correspondence theory of truth Plato and Aristole are the founders of this theory. It basically asserts that every truth bearer (proposition, sentence, belief, ect) is correlated to a possible fact. If the possible fact to which a given truth bearer is correlated actually obtains, the truth bearer is true; otherwise it is false-Bertrand Russell and John Austin are among the contemporary defenders of the correspondence theory of truth. They state that a truth bearer is true if and only if it corresponds to a state of affairs (and the state of affairs obtains).- In other words, correspondence theory of truth compares the truth-claims with the external world, with something that we call (physical) reality.- An objection to the correspondence theory of truth is that according to it, it is not clear what is called a fact that is supposed to correspond to the true belief. Are the facts mental constructs or are they something which is mind independent?...
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2010 for the course PHI PHI 1101 taught by Professor Apalstova during the Fall '10 term at University of Ottawa.
- Fall '10