I understand that this assignment falls under the Notre Dame Honor Code.
Aristotle on Science (
I and IV)
“All men by nature desire to know,” (Excerpts from
The Basic Works of
, R. McKeon (ed.), New York 1941; 980
22). Aristotle clearly illuminates man’s drive for
knowledge, wisdom, and understanding.
He immediately dives into sensation: both the faculty of it as
well as the concept of sensation memory.
According to Aristotle all animals naturally possess this faculty
of sensation, they are born with it.
Only some animals, however, maintain sensation memory; thus
elevating themselves onto a higher plane of knowledge and understanding.
These creatures with
sensation memory possess an aptitude for learning, while the others lack such an aptitude.
examines the bee to further explain this theory.
The bee is an intelligent creature.
It will pollinate
flowers as it continuously searches for nectar and nutrients.
The bee also acts as an individual in an
intricate society of bees.
There is the hive, which must be protected and maintained, and there is a social
network or hierarchy, which must be maintained as well.
The bee understands that if the hive dies, the
network of bees will soon die thereafter.
There is no doubt that the bee is an intelligent creature, but it is
incapable of registering sounds and sensations in order to advance his understanding; thus making it a
lesser being than a human.
“Connected experience[s]” are what separates animals, such as bees, and humans (
What are connected experiences?
Connected experiences are, essentially, the big picture.
considers these experiences to include art and reasoning.
“The animals other than man live by
appearances and memories, and have but little of connected experience,” (
have the ability to recognize memories and certain indications like humans; however, they lack the ability
to comprehend the big picture.
They are less advanced than us because they fail to produce experience
from memories, and from memories are born art and science.
Aristotle’s interpretation of art differs from