NOTES.ellabaker - AMST252:EllaBaker 18:07 Equalwagesandecono

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AMST 252: Ella Baker 18:07 What  the Civil Rights Movement  was fighting for: Franchise and political rights Equality of education and end to Jim Crow policies that use black tax dollars  to subsidize white education End to violence and protection against extralegal violence Equal wages and economic opportunities o Ella  supported  the CIO UNION Struggle for basic survival; equal opportunities How  the Civil Rights Movement  fought: Direct action vs. organized petitions Representative leadership o Negotiation o Boycots o Loose structure based on charismatic leadership (Something Baker was  very critical of) o Often rely on media attention Ella’s story embodies the main contradictions in how to organize a movement Ella Baker Movie: NAACP SCLC-executive director SNCC “I didn’t have a need for being considered a leader.”
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“I was difficult; I wasn’t an easy push-over.” o A woman who knew how to say no to men Mass Mobilization/Creative Chaos: Associated with Dr. MLK and SCLC as well as Bayard Rustin and CORE Combined marching, protests, and direct action Target city or town and quickly mobilize Criticism- not really establishing a permanent structure and developing local  leadership Black women’s democratic council existed in Montgomery (local people)  fueled the Montgomery bus boycott  Ella Baker     : “Strong people don’t need strong leaders.” Tries to promote ideas of Grassroots organization/self-organization Strongly believed in developing local leaders 1. Mass voter registration (as a means of building local leadership) 2. Ministers going block to block, house to house registering people to vote 3. Literacy Training-not simply preparing people to vote/pass literacy exams 
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