Introduction to environmental engineering.docx - CONTENTS SR NO 1 NAME OF CHAPTER PAGE INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENT 1-5 ENGINEERING 1.1 Environment and

Introduction to environmental engineering.docx - CONTENTS...

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CONTENTS SR. NO. NAME OF CHAPTER PAGE 1. INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENT 1-5 ENGINEERING 1.1. Environment and ecology 1 1.2. What is environmental engineering? 2 1.3. Why environmental engineering is vital role for our future? 2 1.4. Role of An Environmental Engineer 3 1.5. History of environmental engineering 4 Review question 5 2. SCIENCE OF ENVIRONMENT 6-20 2.1. Introduction 6 2.2. Physical characteristics of water quality parameters 6 2.3. Chemical characteristics of water―quality parameters 9 2.4. Biological characteristics of water―quality parameters 12 2.5. Physics, chemistry and biology of air and 14 stress upon it owning to the impacts. Review question 19 3. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 21-25 3.1. Introduction 21 3.2. Pollutants 21 3.3. Classification of pollutants 21 3.4. Types of environmental pollution 22 3.5. Sources of pollution 22 3.6. Effect of pollution on the environment 23 3.7. Environmental protection and pollution 24 Review question 25 4. WATER POLLUTION 26-42
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4.1. Introduction 26 4.2. Water quality standards 26 4.3. Water pollution 27 4.4. Self-Purification of Natural Water Systems 28 4.5. Waste water treatment 30 Review question 42 5. AIR POLLUTION 43-53 5.1. Introduction 43 5.2. Definition of air pollution 43 5.3. Control of air pollution 43 Review question 53 6. MARINE POLLUTION 54-61 6.1. Introduction 54 6.2. Land use 54 6.3. Land degradation 56 6.4. Control of land degradation 59 6.5. Wastelands 60 6.6. Land management 60 Review question 6. LAND USE AND ABUSE 54-61 6.1. Introduction 54 6.2. Land use 54 6.3. Land degradation 56 6.4. Control of land degradation 59 6.5. Wastelands 60 6.6. Land management 60 Review question 61 7. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 61-67 7.1. Introduction 61 7.2. Sources and types of solid wastes 61 7.3. Causes of solid waste 62 7.4. Solid Waste Management 62 7.5. Stages of solid waste management 63 8.
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INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 1.1. Environment and Ecology Every organism is a specialized unit. It invariably depends upon the environment and other organisms and their environment in general constitute the science of Ecology. Word ecology was coined by Ernst Haeckel in 1869 and derived from the Greek word “oikos meaning ‘house, habitation or place of living’ and “logos meaning ‘study’. The field of ecology deals with the influence of environmental factors on all the aspects of life such as morphology, physiology, growth, distribution, behavior and survival of the organisms. All the external conditions that affect the life of organisms in their natural habitats aggregate to form the environment i.e. ‘the surroundings’ of an organism. The environment has been classified into: (a) Physical or abiotic environment: It is composed of external physical factors like temperature, humidity, water, minerals and gases etc., and, (b) Living or biotic environment: It is composed of all the living components―plants, animals and micro-organisms.
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