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Unformatted text preview: FOR QUIZ 2 A10, BB 3101 BONE-up list for quiz 2 For each item in CAPITALS, be able to define descriptive terms e.g., ABDUCTION is to move the bone AWAY from the midline of the body. For joint types, and cartilage types, you should know where they occur, e.g., middle phalanges make_HINGE joints with distal and proximal phalanges; FIBROCARTILAGE is found between vertebrae and at pubic symphysis. BONE STRUCTURE: DENSE BONE, SPONGY (CANCELLOUS) BONE, MARROW CAVITY, CANALS that carry blood supply to the osteons, OSTEONS OSTEOBLAST, OSTEOCLAST, DENSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE (covers bone). EPIPHYSIS, DIAPHYSIS; TUBERCLES, TUBEROSITIES, CONDYLES, EPICONDYLES, FOSSA, MEATUS, FORAMEN, FISSURE, SINUS, TROCHANTER, CARTILAGE TYPES; HYALINE, ELASTIC, AND FIBROCARTILAGE: Hyaline cartilage is the ARTICULAR CARTILAGE on bone ends in SYNOVIAL JOINTS. Cartilage is made by CHONDROCYTES, which stop dividing in early in life DENSE FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE is not cartilage, is made by FIBROBLASTS, forms TENDONS, LIGAMENTS, ARTICULAR CAPSULES around joints What is a BURSA? DESCRIPTIVE TERMS bone types: LONG,SHORT,FLAT, IRREGULAR; JOINTS: SUTURES), GOMPHOSES (TEETH IN JAWBONE) CARTILAGINOUS:: SYMPHYSES OF BACKBONE, PUBIS, what and where (as an example) is a SYNDESMOSIS?) SYNOVIAL JOINTS (ALSO CALLED DIARTHROSES BECAUSE THEY CONNECT 2 BONES TOGETHER; THESE ARE THE MOVEABLE JOINTS): ARTICULAR CAPSULE (composed of dense, irregular connective tissue), SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE,SYNOVIAL FLUID, ARTICULAR CARTILAGE (Hyaline); LIGAMENTS around and within the capsule hold joints in place. Ligaments are mostly collagen, well-around and within the capsule hold joints in place....
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