not-for-profit - ProFile 1 UNIT 11 Not for profit Charities...

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Unformatted text preview: ProFile 1 UNIT 11 Not for profit Charities are non-profit making organizations whose aim is to relieve suffering or help the disadvantaged. For centuries, different faiths have sustained charitable work. Alms giving is enshrined in Islam. In Britain, the growth of the hospice movement (specialized hospitals for the terminally ill) has largely been the result of the church. Mother Theresa of Kolkata brought comfort and dignity to countless thousands of the city’s dying underclass. The Abbé Pierre Foundation has become an international network to help the homeless. THE WELFARE STATE In many societies, support for the poor was once kept at an uncomfortably low level and the stigma of being at the receiving end almost intolerable to bear. Nowadays, within western Europe, the growth of the welfare state has developed, to a certain extent, an expectation that the state is responsible for helping the unfortunate. However, there is a limit to how much the state can provide. For instance, many medical charities raise money for research into cures for rare genetic disorders which, however devastating for their sufferers, are not considered a priority. In recognition of this, governments may offer tax-breaks on charitable contributions. GREAT AND SMALL Charitable organizations such as UNICEF have enormous reach, international backing, and ‘brand recognition’. They are run and marketed in a businesslike way. At the other extreme there are tiny operations such as Techknowledgy. Techknowledgy collects obsolete computers and takes them to poor African countries. They have been used as the basis for the IT education of more than 20,000 African children. See the ProFile Student’s site: www.oup.com/elt/profile MONEY-R AISING EVENTS Individual charities regularly organize money-raising events such as sponsored walks, marathons, and parachute jumps. Sir Bob Geldof raised millions of pounds for famine relief in Ethiopia with his Band Aid initiative, which was repeated twenty years later to help tsunami victims. TV stations run telethon evenings where members of the public can ring to make their donation or pledges. Many charities print their own greetings cards and calendars. In Britain, middle-aged ladies posed naked to raise money for research into non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. This story was the basis of the film Calendar Girls. A SELECTION OF CHARITIES Oxfam – Famine relief Founded in Oxford, Oxfam is at the forefront of famine relief around the world. It is also dedicated to training people in new skills and sustainable development. Oxfam along with other charities is afraid of developing a mentality of dependence. It prefers to give people a hand up, rather than a hand out. Médecins Sans Frontières Founded by doctor and later French minister Bernard Kourchner, MSF is among the first to supply emergency medical care in catastrophe zones and trouble spots. The Big Issue The provision of newspapers for sale by the homeless has become an international phenomenon. As well as The Big Issue, other titles include Hecho en Buenos Aires – Argentina, and StreetWise – Chicago. Recently, these papers have lost some of their initial glow and appeal. Street vendors have to work harder to sell their copies. This is a clear example of what is known as compassion fatigue. Photocopiable © Oxford University Press ...
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