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working_styles - E1 The text is about the different styles...

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Unformatted text preview: E1 The text is about the different styles that men and women have in the workplace. Look at the cartoons and say which figures you think represent men and which represent women? confrontational, competitive personal share credit for success achievement comes first forceful, self-protective, challenging, direct in control collaborative talk about personal matters hysterical 88 welcome contributions its} 16:. People Read the text and see if the writer’s ideas are the same as yours. if: The text has eight main sub-sections. Match the cartoons on page 88 to the sections. EN and women do things differently. There are, of course, exceptions to every generalisation, including this one. Cristina Stuart is a managing director of Speakeasy Training, a consultancy that runs courses for men and women working together, Here she describes a few key differences between the sexes in the workplace. Working together The male approach to business is competitive, direct and confrontational. The end justifies the means.* Personal status and a focus on the individual are important. The female method is collaborative. Collective action and responsibility are more important than personal achievement. Lateral thinking*, as well as goodwill and the well-being of the individual, are also of great importance. Tackling problems The male approach is to go to the heart of the problem, without taking into account secondary considerations. The female preference is to look at various options, Body language Male body language tends to be challenging. Female body language tends towards self—protection. A stereotypical female pose is sitting cross—legged; the male sits with legs apart to give an impression that he is in control. Male behaviour can include forceful gestures for example banging a fist on the desk for effect. The female style does not usually include aggressive gestures. 4 Language The male way of speaking does not encourage discussion. Women tend to welcome others' opinions and contributions more. Conversation Men like to talk about their personal experiences and achievements or discuss 'masculine' topics such as cars or sport. Women tend to talk about staff problems and personal matters. Meetings lf a woman does not copy the male confrontational style, she is often ignored. Self-promotion Men find it easy to tell others about their successes. Women tend to share or pass on the credit for a success. Humour Men's humour can be cruel w a man’s joke usually has a victim. Female humour is less hurtful. A woman often jokes against herself. CAVEAT Many men have a female style of working. Equally many women have a male approach. As Ms Stuart says many of the current management theorems ~ flatter organisations") empowerment, managing by consensus* -~ have a female style to them. * the end justifies the means: it doesn’t matter what methods you use; success is the only important thing * lateral thinking: thinking in a creative way, making unusual connections * flatter organisations: organisations in which there are fewer managers and people have equal status * managing by consensus: managing by getting everyone to agree W The Independent on Sunday 89 9O Vocabulary 55% According to the text, which of these phrases are typically used by men and which by women? Example: ’lt’s very simple. The point is ...’ Men because ’the male approach is to go to the heart of the matter’. 1 ’But we need to take account of ...’ 2 ’You look worried. What do you think about the new plan?’ 3 ’That’s rubbish!’ 4 ’I built the department from nothing.’ 5 ’Thanks for your kind words, but this really was a team effort.’ 6 ’lt was so funny. He looked ridiculous!’ 3 Work in groups and discuss the questions. 1 What is the style of male and female managers in companies in your country? Are they similar to the ones outlined in the text? 2 Do you think there is a difference in style between men and women or is any difference usually because of personality? 3 Do you know any men who have a ’female’ style of working? or women who have a 'male’ style of working? 4 Do you find it easier to work with men or women? Why? 6 Choose a spokesperson in the group to make a presentation to the whole class, summarising the opinions in the group. Word building E Complete the table with words from the text then mark the stress. 1 to compete (with) competition competitive 2 to confront confrontation 4 to control controlling 5 encouragement encouraging 6 to achieve E l 3 3 to collaborate i collaboration i E } achieving 2 Complete the following sentences using one of the words from the table. 1 It was a great to win the company’s prize for excellence. 2 This is a really difficult job at times. I’d like a bit of from my boss occasionally. 3 I hate having meetings with Alan. He’s always aggressive and 4 I don't like working on my own, I need other people to with. 5 It’s impossible to events, but you can influence them. ...
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