Planet of the Apes(2)

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From: <Saved by Windows Internet Explorer 8> Subject: Planet of the Apes Date: Wed, 24 Feb 2010 21:59:38 -0500 MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; type="text/html"; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0000_01CAB59C.A8893390" X-MimeOLE: Produced By Microsoft MimeOLE V6.00.2900.5579 X This is a multi-part message in MIME format. T ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01CAB59C.A8893390 Content-Type: text/html; charset="Windows-1252" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.primates.com/history/ C <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML><HEAD><TITLE>Planet of the Apes</TITLE> <META content=3D"text/html; charset=3Dwindows-1252" = http-equiv=3DContent-Type> <META name=3DGENERATOR content=3D"MSHTML 8.00.6001.18876"></HEAD> <BODY aLink=3D#ff0000 link=3D#222222 bgColor=3D#ffffff text=3D#000000=20 vLink=3D#111111><FONT size=3D-1 face=3Dverdana font helvetica = arial>Source:=20 <I>Scientific American</I><BR>Date: August, 2003=20 <BLOCKQUOTE> <BLOCKQUOTE> <BLOCKQUOTE> <BLOCKQUOTE><FONT size=3D-1 face=3Dverdana font helvetica arial> <CENTER> <H2>Planet of the Apes </H2></I></CENTER> <P>During the Miocene epoch, as many as 100 species of apes = roamed=20 throughout the Old World. New fossils suggest that the ones that = gave=20 rise to living great apes and humans evolved not in Africa but = Eurasia=20 <P>"It is therefore probable that Africa was formerly inhabited = by=20 extinct apes closely allied to the gorilla and chimpanzee; as = these two=20 species are now man=92s closest allies, it is somewhat more = probable that=20 our early progenitors lived on the African continent than = elsewhere." <P>So mused Charles Darwin in his 1871 work, The <I>Descent of = Man</I>.=20 Although no African fossil apes or humans were known at the = time,=20 remains recovered since then have largely confirmed his sage = prediction=20 about human origins. There is, however, considerably more = complexity to=20 the story than even Darwin could have imagined. Current fossil = and=20 genetic analyses indicate that the last common ancestor of = humans and=20 our closest living relative, the chimpanzee, surely arose in =
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Africa,=20 around six million to eight million years ago. But from where = did this=20 creature=92s own forebears come? Paleoanthropologists have long = presumed=20 that they, too, had African roots. Mounting fossil evidence = suggests=20 that this received wisdom is flawed. <P>Today=92s apes are few in number and in kind. But between 22 = million=20 and 5.5 million years ago, a time known as the Miocene epoch, = apes ruled=20 the primate world. Up to 100 ape species ranged throughout the = Old=20 World, from France to China in Eurasia and from Kenya to Namibia = in=20 Africa. Out of this dazzling diversity, the comparatively = limited number=20 of apes and humans arose. Yet fossils of great apes - the = large-bodied=20 group represented today by chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans = (gibbons=20 and siamangs make up the so-called lesser apes) - have turned up =
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course ANTH 208 taught by Professor Wall during the Fall '08 term at Towson.

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Planet of the Apes(2) - From:

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