Psychology Final study guide

Psychology Final study guide - Psychology Study Guide-...

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Psychology Study Guide- Final Exam Hippocrates Followed a medical model to explain mental illness known as the humoral theory Believed the irregularities in fluid affected the type of person Convinced the brain was the major controlling center Plato Triparite theory of reasoning 3 types-rational, irrational, emotional everything irrational-below the neck the heart-fear, anger, pride, courage (vital soul) above the head-rational Aristotle Followed the cardiac hypothesis of reasoning “the brain is an organ of minor importance” Humans are going to have the hottest blood. Thought the brain was a radiator Claude Galen Surgeon to the generals Also stated the brain was the central organ of cognition Rene Descartes Followed a dualism approach to scientific study The body is an automaton with tiny tubes or balloons running into the muscles Interaction is at the pineal gland Franz Gall Phrenology-skull features represent underlying brain development Mapped out the skull to represent 27 different faculties of thought Very poor methodology Luigi Galvani Discovered bio-electricity accidentally using frog legs hung on brass hooks of an iron railing Pierre Flourens Was hired by the French government to prove Gall wrong As long as you have 13% of your brain you can still communicate We use every bit of the brain we can Conducted experiments on pigeons to support holism Only when he took a large section of the brain did it affect the behavior Good methodology but bad theory Wilhelm Wundt First psychology lab in germany (1879) Is the father of psychology Mind consists of basic elements analyzed via objective introspection
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Edward Tichener Introspect about physical objects and thoughts Structuralism “Tell me what comes to mind when you see this object” Introspection As you engage in introspection it changes how you look at something William James First American psychologist “stream of thought” vs elements of mind Focus on adaptation, living, working, playing-What is its purpose of function in the real world- FUNCTIONALISM Behavioral Approach S Psychodynamic Approach S Cognitive Approach Memory, intelligence, perception, problem-solving Biological Approach D Evolutionary Approach Through the process of natural selection, how certain processes have developed to aid in survival Population Population of a study is who you’re generalizing your results to Sample Take a subgroup of the population Random Sampling It has to be randomized and representative of the whole population Hypothesis A specific testable prediction, often derived from a theory Observational Studies S Survey/Interview Method A research method involving interviewing or giving questionnaires to a large number of people Case Studies A type of research that involved making in-depth observations of individual persons
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2010 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Fall '07 term at Penn State.

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Psychology Final study guide - Psychology Study Guide-...

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