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DisordersAnxiety - Anxiety Disorders ± disorders that...

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Anxiety Disorders 1. What is a Disorder? 1. Psychopathology & the Medical Model 2. DSM-IV 3. Neurotic vs Psychotic 2. Anxiety Disorders 1. Generalized Anxiety, Panic 2. Phobia, Obsessive/Compulsive 3. Explanation 1. Learning vs Evolution/Biology Psychological Disorders disorder : a (harmful) dysfunction in which behaviour is atypical, disturbing, or maladaptive, and is often also seen as unjustified historically seen as the domain of spirits, or invisible forces, and “treated” mystically psychopathlogy : a mental illness; under the medical model , this illness must be diagnosed (symptoms) and treated (therapy)—nature-nurture interaction Classifying Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 th edition = DSM-IV 17 major categories of disorder neurotic disorders : distressing experience, but permits thinking and functioning psychotic disorders : those in which the individual loses contact with reality, with distorted perception and irrational thought objective & reliable categories but…labeling can
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Unformatted text preview: Anxiety Disorders ± disorders that feature distressing and persistent anxiety ± generalized anxiety disorder : continual tension and apprehension; ANS arousal ± panic disorder : terror episodes; frightening physical sensation ± phobia : persistent irrational fear leading to avoidance of perceived source ± obsessive-compulsive disorder : unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions Anxieties ± GAD and Panic —tension vs fear ± agoraphobia : fear of situations where escape might be impossible ± heights, public speaking, spiders… ± social phobia : intense fear of being scrutinized by others (extreme shyness) ± obsession —dirt, catastrophe, order ± compulsion —washing, rituals, checking ± post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) What is their Source? ± learning account = classical conditioning of fear (e.g., anxious rats due to random shock; little Albert) ± biological account = fears developed through evolution and derive from from the fears of our ancestors...
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