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Unformatted text preview: Anxiety Disorders ± disorders that feature distressing and persistent anxiety ± generalized anxiety disorder : continual tension and apprehension; ANS arousal ± panic disorder : terror episodes; frightening physical sensation ± phobia : persistent irrational fear leading to avoidance of perceived source ± obsessive-compulsive disorder : unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions Anxieties ± GAD and Panic —tension vs fear ± agoraphobia : fear of situations where escape might be impossible ± heights, public speaking, spiders… ± social phobia : intense fear of being scrutinized by others (extreme shyness) ± obsession —dirt, catastrophe, order ± compulsion —washing, rituals, checking ± post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) What is their Source? ± learning account = classical conditioning of fear (e.g., anxious rats due to random shock; little Albert) ± biological account = fears developed through evolution and derive from from the fears of our ancestors...
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- Spring '09
- Abnormal Psychology