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Unformatted text preview: Darwin had studied facial expression, looking for “universals” ± Ekman did cross-cultural comparison of labeling of faces (all Caucasian) and found remarkable consistency Ekman’s Research ± there are “universal” facial expressions that convey emotions in the same way across cultures ± this does not mean that all facial displays are the same, just that several key ones are ± body language may be quite different across cultures, too ± even congenitally blind display same expressions ± independent cultures display emotion more than interdependent cultures Opponent Process Theory ± Richard Solomon (1980) ± “for every emotion, there is an equal and opposite emotion” ± emotional ups and downs balance, both long term and short term ² drug high, drug withdrawal ² pain and fear of childbirth, euphoria afterward at sight of child ± repetitions strengthen opposing emotion (e.g., drug tolerance)...
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- Spring '09
- Paul Ekman, Facial expression, Emotion Communication