Essay 1.docx - *thesis u2013 arguments details in...

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*thesis – arguments + details in lecture/text/discussions/readings (50/95) Why and how did Martin Luther’s personal spiritual crisis become a religious, political, and social revolution? How Luther’s ideas were appropriated by others and how they were applied to social and political ends far different than Luther himself might have imagined Useful readings: Martin Luther Sebastian Lotzer John Calvin Ignatius of Loyola Eramus Thesis: Luther’s justification by faith alone, by grace alone, by scripture alone (personal, religious theology) -> attack CHURCH, so central in people’s religious, political and social life -> catholic renewal/fragmentation; warfare/modernization; individual conscience/family/education -> influence exceed expectation, whole Europe and all aspects in people’s life, even against Luther’s idea (peasants, instead of German nobility as mentioned in Martin Luther, Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation ) Structure: Lecture 5 & 6 1. What’s Martin Luther’s personal spiritual crisis?
c. Sola gratia – grace alone
2. How & What was the religious revolution it led to?

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