TherapiesBiomedical

TherapiesBiomedical - ² lithium for bipolar(why does it...

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Biomedical Therapies 1. Drug Therapies 1. Double Blind Testing 2. Antipsychotic, Antianxiety, Antidepressant 2. Electroconvulsive Therapy 3. Psychosurgery Drug Therapies ± psychopharmacology : the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behaviour ± only since the 1950s ± have reduced confinement to institutions by about 75% relative to 100 years ago ± double blind study : half of patients get drug, half get similar appearing placebo ± support the efficacy of drug treatment Types of Drugs ± antipsychotic (schizophrenia) ² chlorpromazine (positive symptoms) ² clozapine (negative symptoms) ± antianxiety ² e.g., Valium, Librium—depress CNS ± antidepressant ² increase serotonin/norepinephrine ² Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil—not panacaeas
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Unformatted text preview: ² lithium for bipolar (why does it work?) Electroconvulsive Therapy ± ECT : a brief electric current through the brain of an anaesthetized patient, used to treat severely depressed patients ± tried after drug therapy, can be very effective with three sessions, does show memory loss but no apparent damage ± what about repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)? Psychosurgery ± psychosurgery : surgery that removes or damages brain structures to improve behaviour ± lobotomy : disconnecting the frontal lobes from the rest of the brain (vs lobectomy) ± drastic and not reversible, so rarely used ± e.g., treatment of seizures...
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Spring '09 term at Waterloo.

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TherapiesBiomedical - ² lithium for bipolar(why does it...

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