Thinking - Thinking 1. Cognition & Thinking 2. Concept...

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Unformatted text preview: Thinking 1. Cognition & Thinking 2. Concept Identification 3. Problem Solving 1. Algorithm vs heuristic 2. Insight 3. Mental set & functional fixedness 4. Judgment & Heuristics 1. Representativeness, availability 2. Simulation, framing Definitions ¡ cognition : the mental activities involved in thinking, knowing, and remembering ¡ thinking : formation of a new mental representation through the transformation of information; involves judging, abstracting, reasoning, imagining, and problem solving Concept Identification ¡ concept : a mental grouping of related objects, events, or ideas (e.g., fruits) ¡ prototype : a mental image or criterion list corresponding to the best example of a category (e.g., the “typical” dog) ¡ ad hoc categories : concepts we learn for specific purposes (e.g., camping items) Problem Solving ¡ problem solving : thinking directed toward the handling of a particular situation involving both the formation of responses and the selection among possible responses...
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Ennis during the Spring '09 term at Waterloo.

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Thinking - Thinking 1. Cognition & Thinking 2. Concept...

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