Exam 1 Flash Cards

Exam 1 Flash Cards - What is an argument? Structured...

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What is an argument? a structure series of statements aimed at establishing some conclusion; giving reasons for believing some claim Structured The parts bear logical relations to each other Established When properly constructed they show by rational and logical force that some other statement is true; Shows that some statement is necessary to be true Deductive Argument Start from true statements and finish by guaranteeing some new true statement Inductive Argument Start from true statements and finish by making some new statement most probably true Parts of an argument Premises and Conclusions Premises Statements which bear logical relations to each other to show, by ration force, the truth of a final statement- the conclusion; Support the conclusions; Give evidence, imply, or together entail other claims Conclusions The final statement; Will take the form of statements Validity IF the premises are all true, then the conclusion MUST be true; For an  argument to be valid, they do not  have to have true premises Soundness A valid argument with ALL true premises; Two things are necessary: the  argument must be valid  and  it’s  premises must be true How to test arguments for validity Two steps to evaluation: Test argument for
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Exam 1 Flash Cards - What is an argument? Structured...

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