Chapter 12 Notes b

Chapter 12 Notes b - December13,2010 PSCI1014...

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December 13, 2010 PSCI 1014 Charles Walcott Final Exam Political Parties Chapter 12 Political parties o Key components  Social base  What kind of people vote democratic or republican o Democrats- blue collar workings, minorities, political  liberals, suburbs o Republicans- business people and social conservative  and economic conservatives Parties at different times have represented different  groups of people Changes as society and issues change Programs and philosophy Appeal to certain people by implementing policies and  programs that are favorable to certain groups of people o Democrats- keeping taxes low, appeal to  environmentalists, appeals to labor unions o They knit citizens and leaders together in electoral and policy  coalitions and allow citizens to hold their elected agents  collectively responsible for what the government does. They  also help to channel and constrain political conflicts, promoting  their peaceful resolution o Parties are the products of a compelling political logic, emerging  from the strategic acts of politicians and citizens pursing their  political goals within the framework of institutions established by  the Constitution
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o A coalition of people who seek to control the machinery of  government by winning elections. Not specifically  mentioned in the Constitution, political parties make mass  democracy possible by, among other functions,  coordinating the group activities necessary to translate  public preferences into public policy o Political parties are groups of individuals organized for the  purpose of electing candidates to public office.  o The Constitution contains no mention of parties and the  Framers regarded them as undesirable or even dangerous.  o Nonetheless, the federal structure and electoral institutions they  created give ample incentives for party building. o
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Chapter 12 Notes b - December13,2010 PSCI1014...

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