amh2010 - westernhemisphere Afrians 1 FirstAmericans...

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western hemisphere natives—scattered and diverse Europeans—economic and religois settlements Afrians 1. First Americans Natives: diverse cultures, not united  Respect and adaptation for environment Ex. Arrigation Gender roles: male hunts, female gathers Political disunity: intertribal warfare common Mongoloids: Siberia Aztec Europens: welcome at first Enslaved natives, and eplioted Decimated population and disturbed trade Culture transferred from culture to culture 2. Impulses to European impulses 4 35 Europe tries to find new trade routes. Feudal wars Exploration Curiosity and adventure Missionary impulse 3. Early explorers Americas enriched some europens, but disturbed natives Portugal looked for trade route to asia Christopher Columbus Couldn’t get funding from Portugal Got aid from Spain Set vast migration forward for the west Completing euopean claims  Declaration splitting land btwn Portugal and spain was ignored Conquistadors conquered and took over many lands Spanish empire Indians cooeced to work  Flow of wealth to spain: economic decline Magellan: first to go around the world 4. Early English settlements Jamestown 1607 King henry 8 broke with the pope Rural unemployment Arising merchant class 3 ships landed: geat difficult: starving time and many lost lives
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Tobacco sucuessfully planted More land cultivated , strained rel. with natives Pressured to become chrtistians 1624 became colony Va society Indentured servants and headrights later given Plymoth colony Pilgrims moved to seek religious freedom Half of settlers died b/c not prepared for winter Squanto was interpreter for colony Failures Newfoundland fail Roanoke vanishes The lost colony Theme 2. colonial brittish n.a. Altered traditions  Economic sections  Puritans took over new England Southern: slave labor and agriculture Conflicts Natives then with regional groups 5. Puritan new England English religious decendants Puritanism Began in church of England : return to biblical roots Stress predestination . . divine grace and good works as sign of salvation Religion in daily life and government Great migration 1629 1640 Royal charter to puritans Religion permeated society City on a hill  Self governing with no heiarchy : bible as central importance Democratic roots for gov. Conflicts Williams banished—1636 defended natives and advocated for separation of  church and state Anne Hutchinson- banished also  Salem mass. – 1692 witchcraft! 1662 could have partial membership in congregation
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amh2010 - westernhemisphere Afrians 1 FirstAmericans...

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