SB_Lecture 13-Sexual Behavior.pptx - Sexual Behavior*Sexual Images Sexual Behavior Variation \u2022 Sexual expression is fundamentally individualized and

SB_Lecture 13-Sexual Behavior.pptx - Sexual Behavior*Sexual...

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Unformatted text preview: Sexual Behavior* *Sexual Images Sexual Behavior: Variation • Sexual expression is fundamentally individualized and varies over the course of our lives. • So how do we know what we want and like? • Sexual desire is affected by physical, emotional, and sexual relationship issues • Self-awareness, communication, and safe exploration are key • Frequency varies considerably • Sexual Orientation & Identity ≠ Sexual Behavior What does “Sexually Active” mean? Sexual Daydreaming & Fantasy • Most men and women fantasize and daydream. • Fantasies can increase sexual pleasure. • The source of fantasies are not always obvious. • May offer a clue to our current interests, pleasures, anxieties, fears, or problems • May be completely different than what we’d actually like. • People who report fantasizing have fewer sexual problems • Allow us to plan for situations that may arise • Provide escape from a dull or oppressive environment • Bring novelty and excitement into the relationship Being “sexually active” does not mean just one thing… • According to the NSSHB, Americans reported 41 different combinations of sex acts during their most recent sexual encounter • Sexual activity patterns vary across the lifespan, but older adults remain sexual beings • Many older adults continue to have active pleasurable sex lives, reporting a range of different behaviors and partner types, however adults over the age of 40 have the lowest rates of condom use. Although these individuals may not be as concerned about pregnancy, this suggests the need to enhance education efforts for older individuals regarding STI risks and prevention. Solitary Sexual Behaviors Asexuality and celibacy • Asexuality refers to a lack of desire for partnered sex. It is best considered a sexual orientation • Celibacy refers to refraining from sex among persons who have sexual desire • Celibacy can be complete, partial, or involuntary • Experiences with celibacy vary • Viewed as a form of sexual expression Autoeroticism: Masturbation • Negative attitudes stem from religious and cultural beliefs focused on procreation. • No negative mental or physical health effects from masturbation—actually quite beneficial! • Common among both humans and some primates Masturbation Masturbation • Reasons for masturbation • Relaxation • Relief of sexual tension • Partner is not available or does not want sex • Physical pleasure • An aid to falling asleep • Means to avoid STIs • An important means of learning about our bodies • Still do it when we have partner(s) (maybe more often!) • Influenced by education, ethnicity, religion, and age • Education is a particularly strong factor Masturbation & Sexual Aides • Originally developed by doctors to treat hysteria, a diagnosis formerly given to women thought to have a “wandering uterus” • Stigma (and some laws) about vibrators • Masters & Johnson advocated use • Can enhance knowledge and erotic dimensions of sexuality • Important to keep toys clean. Kissing & Touching • • Kissing • Social and developmental significance • Intimacy Touching and Foreplay • Manual and/or oral stimulation of breasts • Manual and/or oral stimulation of genitalia • Sex toys, erotica, fantasy, sexual talk Mutual Masturbation & Tribadism Mutual masturbation and tribadism as a prelude to sex or as a shared erotic activity Sexual Activities: Oral-Genital • Fellatio • Cunnilingus • Mutual oral–genital stimulation (69) • Oral–anal stimulation (Analingus or Rimming) • Don’t assume • Safety • Preferences Penile-Vaginal Intercourse • Many variations and themes • Preferences vary by person and by pairing • Four most common positions Penile-Vaginal Intercourse: Missionary Position • Face-to-face, man-on-top (for heterosexual sex) • Advantages: • • Eye contact • Breast contact • Pelvic thrusting may be easier for the man Leaves bottom partner hands-free Disadvantages: • Men may ejaculate more quickly • Weight imbalance Penile-Vaginal Intercourse: Woman on Top • Face-to-face, woman-on-top (in hetero sex) • Advantages: • • Greater control for women • Good angle for clitoral contact and friction • Can work better than other position with semi-erect penises Disadvantages: • Can be difficult/tiring to achieve a rhythm Penile-Vaginal Intercourse: Side-to-side • Face-to-face, side-to-side • Advantages: • • Both partners are bearing their own weight and lying down • Allows for kissing, breast stimulation, and hands free Disadvantages: • Can be awkward • Less clitoral stimulation Penile-Vaginal Intercourse: Rear Entry • Rear Entry: front to back • Advantages • • Allows for deeper penetration (can also be a disadvantage) • Allows both partners to bear their own weight • Rear partner is hands free • Good during pregnancy Disadvantages • Less clitoral stimulation • May lack intimacy of face-to-face positions for some people Anal Intercourse • Anal intercourse is a variation, NOT a deviation • Practiced by ALL types of couples • Requires substantial lubrication • Can be done in many positions • Both men and women can achieve orgasm during anal sex • Riskiest for HIV transmission • Though it is the least common behavior among gay men Sexual Behavior in Psychological Perspective Self-Regulatory Theory • Humans have a limited ability to exert self-control • When self-control abilities are low, we are less able to resist temptation • Two types of self-control are relevant to sexual behavior: • Trait self-control: overall, chronic level of self-control • State self-control: control abilities at any given moment (subject to depletion) Self-regulation and Sexual Behavior • Lower trait self-control linked to riskier sexual behaviors (Raffaelli & Crockett, 2003) • Lower state self-control linked to flirting with someone other than one’s partner (Pronk et al., 2011) Sexual Behavior in Psychological Perspective Attachment Theory • Stefanou & McCabe (2012): • Anxious attachment linked to more frequent sex and sex as a means of getting closer to a partner • Avoidant attachment linked to less frequent sex and sex for non-romantic reasons • Anxious attachment also linked to less frequent condom use (Strachman & Impett, 2009) SEX IS GOOD FOR YOU!! • Health benefits • Cardiovascular health • Immune functioning • Bladder control • Lower stress* • Cognitive functioning • Longer life • Relationship benefits • Likely bidirectional relationship ...
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  • Spring '14
  • Anderson,Stephanie
  • Human Sexuality, partner, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior

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