28 Final Exam Review - F inal Exam Review Social Inequality...

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Final Exam Review Social Inequality and Social Stratification (6 questions) - Look at exam 1 - On definitions Social Differentiation: Classification of individuals into various socially recognizable different groups. Such classifications may include social class, race, ethnicity, religion, gender, and age. Social Inequality and Stratification: A system of ranking individuals in terms of their access to, and possession of the things valued by society. - Based on the theories Herbert Spencer Rise and fall of civilizations - When a society grows, all the difference from a long time ago all arise (immigrants stick together, culture of a group is shown, etc.) - Difference in structure always leads to difference in what people are doing and occupations they possess. - Societies go from simple to complex, rural to urban; things change to accommodate modern times Social Darwinism: Biologically, some people are more fit to live in society; they are more intelligent, physically fit, and adaptable to certain situations. - Those who are dysfunctional should be eliminated from society to create a more functional group of people (modern day is acted through prison. - - Dimensions of Social Stratification Economic Wealthy families are labeled as superior because they own a majority of what is desired in our society Status
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Some groups or organizations are only designed for certain social classes; this is a form way of including and excluding people Personal prestige is associated with personality qualities that help some gain status, not money (MLK Jr.) Political The political power that one has is accompanied only by when they are actually in power (Barak Obama and John McCain are not treated the same now compared to when they were running for president) - Who are at the top in traditional, feudal, and modern societies? - Traditional societies had tribe chiefs, elders, or other local leaders to be the one in charge In feudal societies, the nobles were on top and the priests justified their cruel acts by saying it is okay through Catholicism Modern societies have corporate executives, judicial system, and military leaders on top - Caste system of India (2 questions) According to them, you are inferior by birth. When God created individuals, he ranked people depending on the most important parts of a body. - Davis and Moore No society is classless, even when you go back to ancient times. Stratification is a functional necessity Companies, organizations, and societies run smoothly when there is stratification Certain positions are more important and require specific talent, skills, and training Social systems develop means to assign occupational positions
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Through this theory, if everyone knows how to become prestigious (some choose to take advantage) then social inequality is right. Motivation and competition are forces that encourage
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course ISS 210 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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28 Final Exam Review - F inal Exam Review Social Inequality...

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