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04 Lecture2NotesforExam(2) - Lecture 2 Classical Theories...

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Lecture 2 – Classical Theories of Social Inequality Emile Durkheim Social Solidarity is like integration - Mechanical solidarity is rural and simple - Organic solidarity is urbanized and complex Mechanical Solidarity - Simple division of labor; there are only a few occupations (farmer, carpenter, black smith, etc.) - Homogenous is when people are very similar to one another - People are similar because they perform a couple of jobs but they are more independent from one another due to the simplicity - Community comes first before the individual - Individual ego is not very prominent Organic Solidarity - Complex division of labor; as society progresses more occupations become available with new needs and technology - As society progresses, difference apparent because there is so much variety - We say we are fully independent in current times but we depend on so many different people, organizations, or technology; this says we are interdependent and alike in that way.
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