06 MargerBookOverviewforExam1

06 MargerBookOverviewforExam1 - Marger Book Overview for...

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Marger Book Overview for Chap. 1,2,3,5,7 Chap. 1 Chap. 2 Marx saw social inequality as a basic characteristic throughout human history. - All societies break down into two opposing and conflicting classes… Those who own the means of economic production and those who do not. - Those who control society’s productive resources are a ruling class not only economically but socially and politically as well. - Only through a workers’ revolution, in which ownership of the means of production changes hands, can capitalism end. After this happens, capitalism will give way and workers will control means of production Through a new development of the human being, one detached from personalistic and material values, a true equality will emerge in a communist society. Weber saw social inequality emerge from the complexity of societies, and the power of ruling classes being controlled by organizations, not ownership of property. - Societies were large and complex; none could avoid the need to be bureaucratically organized. Those bureaucracies would be controlled and directed by power elites. Durkheim and Marx believed… - Functionalists assume that inequality is not only inevitable but necessary The most capable individuals will wind up occupying the most
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06 MargerBookOverviewforExam1 - Marger Book Overview for...

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