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Unformatted text preview: Race and Inequality What is race? • Social creation of arbitrary grouping of individuals in a society based on the color of their skin- In old times, states were used to different definitions on who is “white” (some said you had to be 60% Caucasian and others were 100%)- In India, there are light skinned Indians that are light skinned due to European invaders and they are labeled as “white”- When Hussain lived in Africa, a Brazilian, a European, and a Canadian were labeled by the Africans as Bakura (someone who is not black so therefore they were labeled as “white”) Races around the globe • White • Black • Asian- This is not even a race because there are so many different countries in Asia: Indians, Koreans, and Chinese don’t all look the same. - Our census bureau used to look at places of origin as either white or black ⇒ But now, they have labeled different places of origin with different types of races. Races in the U.S. and future trends Race/Ethnicity 1980 (%) 1990 (%) 2000 (%) White 79.8 75.6 69.1 Black 11.5 11.7 12.1 Hispanic 6.4 9.0 12.5 Asian 1.6 2.8 3.7 Native 0.6 0.7 0.7 Other 0.1 0.1 1.8 • The reason for rising percent of minorities is…- Immigration from people from America from poor nations- Minorities tend to have more children than whites Historical background • Early encounters with Native Americans- Ethnocentrism: Labeling of natives as savages, animalistic, and heathens ⇒ Columbus brought back nativies to Spain all chained up, and they were put on stage for everyone to see ⇒ The natives were tortured, some died, and others were enslaved; start of slavery ⇒ In Europe, the English look at Scottish and say they are inferior, it is their own people! • So when they come to the U.S. they don’t even look at minorities even close to the same as them. - Cooperation and relative equality changed to domination- Acquisition of native land- Natives pushed to reservations- Native Americans, their socioeconomic conditions • Arrival of blacks- Native Americans were resisting slavery and didn’t want to work ⇒ They knew the land so that they could escape- Blacks didn’t know each other, they didn’t know the land, and they were already powerless in their homeland. - 1500-1850, they majority of slaves were brought to America ⇒ They were used for plantations- 1619: A Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to Jamestown, Virginia- 10 million sold but only half made it to America ⇒ This is because they were held so poorly on a boat; 1 foot slot because they were “cheap”- Labeling blacks as savages and animalistic ⇒ An article from an American newspaper; they said the slaves were trained, fit, strong, and if you didn’t have money to buy, then you could rend them ⇒ In other words, it is ethnocentrism- when you make a judgment about other cultures due to ignorance- Treatment by the masters was extremely cruel with no legal rights ⇒ Slaves would be branded to know who they belonged to ⇒ Every slave owner had a legal right to punish their slaves...
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course ISS 210 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.
- Spring '08