ISS_215_lecture_6 - THEORETICAL DISCUSSION CONT. 2. ELITE...

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Political institutions and inequality Lecture 6 ISS 215
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OUTLINE A. WHAT ARE POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS? B. COMPONENTS C. EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS D. FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS E. THEORETICAL DISCUSSION
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POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS A. POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS? AN INTERRELATED NETWORK OR SYSTEM OF BELIEFS, ACTIVITIES, ORGANIZATIONS, AND RELATIONSHIPS THAT DIRECTS AND REGULATES THE COLLECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF A SOCIETY OR OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
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EMERGENCE B. EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS 1. POPULATION GROWTH 2. URBANIZATION 3. CULTURAL HETEROGENEITY 4. INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE 5. INDUSTRIAL DIVISION OF LABOR 6. DIVERSITY, ANONYMITY, INDIVIDUALISM 7. CULTURAL DEFENSE
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COMPONENTS AND FUNCTIONS C. COMPONENTS 1. STATE 2. GOVERNMENT 3. POLITICAL PARTIES D. FUNCTIONS 1. EXTERNAL PROTECTION 2. INTERNAL ORDER 3. PROTECTION AGAINST NATURAL DISASTERS 4. ECONOMIC SUPPORT 5. BENEFIT ALLOCATION 6. PUBLIC SERVICES 7. LEGITIMACY PROMOTION
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THEORETICAL DISCUSSION E. THEORETICAL DISCUSSION 1. SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY a. THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679) b. JOHN LOCKE (1632-1740) c. JEAN ROUSSEAU (1712-1778)
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Unformatted text preview: THEORETICAL DISCUSSION CONT. 2. ELITE THEORY a. SOCIAL POWER IN ALL SOCIETIES IS IN THE FEW HANDS KNOWN AS ELITES b. ELITES CONTROL THE MAJOR RESOURCES c. ELITES ALWAYS ENDEAVOR TO PROTECT AND PRESERVE THEIR POWER d. THEY USE MEANS TO RULE THE SOCIETY e. THEY ARE USUALLY INVISIBLE IN LARGE SOCIETIES AND COMPLEX GOVERNMENTS f. DRAMATIC SOCIAL CHANGES ARE ALWAYS RESISTED BY THE ELITES THEORETICAL DISCUSSION CONT. 3. THE PLURALIST MODEL THE PLURALIST MODEL SUGGESTS THAT INTEREST GROUPS AND LOBBYISTS WHO DO NOT REPRESENT ANY POLITICAL PARTY PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN DECISION MAKING PROCESS AT LOCAL AND NATIONAL LEVEL THEORETICAL DISCUSSION CONT. 4. MACHIAVELLI (1469 - 1527) a. MERCY, FAITH, INTEGRITY, HUMANITY, AND RELIGION SHOULD BE USED AS TOOLS b. USE OF FORCE AND CRUELTY TO MAINTAIN ORDER c. AVOID NEUTRALITY d. VICIOUSNESS, GREED, CRUELTY, AND LUST e. CUNNING LIKE A FOX AND FORCEFUL LIKE A LION f. USE OF THREAT OF ATTACK BY OUTSIDER TO RULE 5. CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE...
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ISS_215_lecture_6 - THEORETICAL DISCUSSION CONT. 2. ELITE...

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