Periodic_Table_F10

Periodic_Table_F10 - Energy Levels Note that 6s electrons...

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1 Periodic Table GLY 4200 – Lecture 6 –Fall, 2010
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2 Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev 1834-1907 Russian Chemist "The properties of the elements are a periodic function of their atomic masses"
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3 Henry G.J. Moseley British chemist 1887-1915 “Similar properties recur periodically when elements are arranged by increasing atomic number”
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4 Periodic Table
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5 Second Row
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6 N = 2 Shell This completes the n = 2 shell The valance electrons are denoted using the notation 2s x 2p y The complete electronic configuration is 1s 2 2s x 2p y , which may also be expressed as [He] 2s x 2p y It also introduces the p block
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7 Periodic Table Blocks
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8 Third Row
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9 Periodic Table Blocks
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10 Electronic Energy Levels Note that 4s electrons are lower energy than 3d
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11 Beginning of Fourth Row Potassium [Ar] 4s 1 Calcium [Ar] 4s 2
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12 Electronic Energy Levels Note that 3d electrons are lower energy than 4p
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13 First Transition Row
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14 Periodic Table Blocks
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15 4p Block
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16 Periodic Table Blocks
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17 Electronic Energy Levels Note that 5s electrons are lower energy than 4d
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18 Second Transition Row
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19 Periodic Table Blocks
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20 Electronic Energy Levels Note that 5p and 6s electrons are lower energy than 4f
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21 5p Block
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22 Periodic Table Blocks
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23 Electronic
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Unformatted text preview: Energy Levels Note that 6s electrons are lower energy than 4f or 5d 24 Row 6 Beginning 25 Electronic Energy Levels Note that 4f electrons are lower energy than 5d 26 4f Block 27 Periodic Table Blocks 28 5d Block 29 6p Block 30 Periodic Table Blocks 31 5f Block 32 Periodic Table Blocks 33 Oxidation States of First Transition Row Elements Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +6 +5 +4 +3 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +5 +4 +3 +2 +2 +3 +4 +5 +4 +3 +2 +1 +1 +2 +3 +4 +3 +2 +1 +1 +2 +3 +2 +1 +1 +2 +1 +1 States highlighted in red are the most common 34 REE Abundance 35 Europium Anomaly Figure 9-5. REE diagram for 10% batch melting of a hypothetical lherzolite with 20% plagioclase, resulting in a pronounced negative Europium anomaly From Winter, (2001) An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Prentice Hall 36 Uranium and Thorium Decay 37 Periodic Table Blocks Periodic Table 38 Ionization Potential Element Electronic Configuration (valance) Size, nm Ionization Energy, Cal/mol Be 2s 2 0.112 215 Mg 3s 2 0.160 176 Ca 4s 2 0.197 141 Sr 5s 2 0.215 125 Ba 6s 2 0.222 119...
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Periodic_Table_F10 - Energy Levels Note that 6s electrons...

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