apworldclassicaltest - RayenPatnaik ClassicalTest...

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Rayen Patnaik  Classical Test Qin Dynasty China Han Dynasty China Mauryan Empire India Gupta Empire India Ancient Greece Roman Empire S ocial Large gaps between the social classes; scholar-gentry  Mandarins  on top  Peasantry was illiterate, many worked the fields or were one of the “mean”  peoples working unskilled jobs—viewed lower than field peasants Peasants commonly formed “secret societies”; unions that provided communal  support during times of conflict with local landowners Women were subservient to men regardless of social class; stress on respect  to father and husband Social unity further influenced by adoption of Mandarin Chinese  Hindu traditions would have a great influence; Caste system = social control Social classes called  varnas  were rigidly enforced;  brahmans  (priests) and  kshatriyas  (warriors) were at the very top Vaisyas  Sundras  were below (common laborers); Untouchables at the very bottom Legal/social rights were proportional to caste position; no social movement The spread of Buddhism during the reign of Ashoka would offer parts of India a  different social paradigm, but permanent changes would not take hold Bulk of population were farmers,  many owned their land Upper classes rounded out by a  wealthy aristocracy Slavery was prevalent Women had greater say in family  affairs herdsmen; often not own land Plebian : common citizens Patrician : aristocracy Slavery was common Women had a greater say in family  P olitical Qin Shi Huang-di , 1st Emperor;  ruled with an iron fist Took power away from regional  lords; harshly punished disloyalty Formed a VERY centralized  government based on military might Appt’d bureaucratic governors
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course HIST 233 taught by Professor Kumar during the Spring '10 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai.

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