Principles of Learning

Principles of Learning - Introduction to Psychology Barb...

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Introduction to Psychology Barb Kucinski Principles of Learning Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior resulting from environmental experience of practice. Associative Learning Learning in which a connection, or an association, is made between two events. Ivan Pavlov and his experiments Developed classical conditioning Was not trying to study psychology Studied digestion Used dogs and observed drooling habits Rang a bell before food was given and watched dogs reaction Eventually, the dog would start drooling and expect food when it heard the bell John B. Watson and Little Albert experiment Performed at Johns Hopkins University Tried to prove that a child could be feared by a stimulus that had not previously feared the child Tried to measure the fear of Little Albert with loud noises and animals Classical Conditioning Helps to explain involuntary behavior Something makes us think or expect something Example: In school, when the bell rings, everyone knows to leave class Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
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A stimulus in the environment that produces a strong, consistent response Unconditioned Response (UR) The response from the unconditioned stimulus Neutral Stimulus (NS) Will not produce any behavior on its own Random object Acquisition The initial learning of the stimulus-response link, which involves a neutral stimulus being associated with an unconditioned stimulus and becoming a conditioned stimulus that elicts the conditioned response Instrumental Conditioning Often blended with Operant Condition Very similar, but do have differences Contingency The more often two stimuli occur together, the better the association between them will be Contiguity The closer the time and space two stimuli occur, the more likely they will become associated
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Principles of Learning - Introduction to Psychology Barb...

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