Clinical Disorders 12-1

Clinical Disorders 12-1 - LECTURE:ClinicalDisorders Outline...

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LECTURE:  Clinical Disorders Outline I. Defining  Abnormality: -Myth: Behaviors are bizarre and really signal a disorder -Mismatch between situations making behavior unusual or different -Normal: Self-talk in the mirror; Abnormal: Having a conversation with  an  invisible friend on the street -Myth: Normal and abnormal behaviors are very different from each  other—because it’s not the behavior itself, depends on the situation -Myth: People with clinical disorders are dangerous, potentially violent,  and  should be avoided Less than 1% have this potential tendency -Myth: Once diagnosed with a clinical disorder, a person will always  have this disorder—many people have temporary problems that lead  to a  diagnosed disorder, and with help can recover A.  Norm Violation: -Do behaviors violate the “norm”? –Common behavior  pattern within a culture; norm violations B.  Maladaptive: -Is the behavior maladaptive? –It interferes with the person’s  ability to function effectively within society and everyday life -Example: Stress during finals time is acceptable; does this  behavior endure during “normal” situations C.  Personal Distress -Is the behavior personally distressing to the individual? –Is  someone bothered by their behaviors and wanting to stop? *Any one violation of these three things is enough to label a person’s  behavior  as “abnormal”, however, many therapists like to see more  than   one   abnormality   before  labeling something as a disorder II. Theoretical Approaches to Disorders: -How are disorders categorized and what are their causes?  -Classification and causal of clinical disorders A.   Biological -The cause is likely something internal to the individual 
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-Many factors used as explanation:  1. Probably some biological/genetics basis (“runs in the  family”) -Not 100%: If one twin has a disorder, the other will  develop it also—meaning it is not all genetics and  biology 2. Imbalance of neurotransmitters -Studies have shown that particular disorders  show correlations between levels of  neurotransmitters -Ex: Dopamine levels very high in people with  schizophrenia during episodes -Ex: Clinical Depression caused by low levels of  serotonin and norepinephrine  ^Drugs can reestablish balance and alleviate  symptoms of disorder 3. Bacteria, viruses, and toxins can also alter activity  leading to disorders -Studies are “iffy” B.   Psychological: -Disorders are caused by: 1. Distorted thoughts and negative thoughts about self  and other people—thoughts ruminate in mind and can  lead  anyone to become anxious and depressed 2. Emotional Turmoil—person experiencing out of control 
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course PSYCH 010 taught by Professor Zuckoff during the Fall '10 term at Pittsburgh.

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Clinical Disorders 12-1 - LECTURE:ClinicalDisorders Outline...

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