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MLK - Copy - Houston Scarborough Dr. Watkins 10/23/09 The...

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Houston Scarborough Dr. Watkins 10/23/09 The War over Birmingham Violence versus Appeals for Civil Justice In April 1963 Dr. Martin Luther King traveled to Birmingham to challenge segregation that continued to plague the city. Long standing social fibers were beginning to fray and the white majority was greatly opposed to the impending tide of change. Leading the movement was Martin Luther King, Jr. His goal was to subvert the current times of separate but equal and prove to the American public that laws were aimed unjustly at the African American minority. However, the arrest of Dr. King during the April protest created an uncertain atmosphere regarding whom laws were meant to serve. In “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” Dr. King ascribes to the notion of facing a problem by creating a commotion that cannot be ignored. The philosophy of nonviolent protest and peaceful resistance transformed such a movement for equality, by setting a precedence of opposition to injustice. Sunday, September 15, 1963 racial tensions lead to terroristic action against the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. The church signified the civil rights movement, headquarters of Dr. King’s march and numerous other civil protests. The Sixteenth Street Baptist Church was the target of a bombing which killed four children and wounded multiple others. Birmingham became a battle ground for civil justice, yet justice was an idle, arbitrary term. The civil rights movement became the proverbial elephant in the room, the realities of a changing America had become too much to face. Such instruments of fear had become commonplace, yet the harm of children was a direct attack upon the hopes of tomorrow. The
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goal of Martin Luther King was to “dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored” (King 1898), were no longer dramatized but now a corrosive reality of how pending social and civil changes were
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MLK - Copy - Houston Scarborough Dr. Watkins 10/23/09 The...

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