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CECN 503 - DEVELOPMENT REPORT

CECN 503 - DEVELOPMENT REPORT - P akistan Development of l...

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Pakistan: Development of literacy; a road to economic, political, and social prosperity CECN 503 – Economic Development 12/4/2008 RYERSON UNIVERSITY [Ian Cheng; Mubashir Ahmad Khan; Semir Yusuf; Wing-Hei (William) Kong]
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“There is no doubt that the future of our State will and must greatly depend on the type of education we give to our children and the way in which we bring them up as future citizens of Pakistan” Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah All Pakistan Education Conference November 30 - December 02, 1947 Karachi 2 | P a g e
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CONTENT Literacy Data: The Need to Improve p.4 No Income = No Literacy p.6 Education System: A Horrid Creation of Income Inequality p.6 The Environment and Condition of Educational Institution Affecting Literacy p.8 The Role of Government in Developing Literacy p.9 Partial Solution: Support from NGO’s p.10 Final Statement p.12 Report Summary p.13 3 | P a g e
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Bibliography p.14 Being the 164 th most literate country in the world does not exactly give Pakistan a prestigious title in being a well developed country. This also means that only 54% of the whole countries citizens are literate. Looking at Pakistan’s history, they have never invested in their education systems from the start. The past couple of decades have improved due to foreign aids such as NGO and private school systems. However, private school can be very costly to a regular Pakistan citizen because the tuition fees on average takes up almost half of their monthly salary, and each family has about 3-4 children, which is an extreme burden. Literacy Data: The Need to Improve The official literacy rate in 2005/06 was 53%, with the male literacy rate (at 65%) much higher than that for females (40%). However, many observers doubt the accuracy of these figures. In some parts of the tribal areas female literacy rates are below 1%. The government has attempted to tackle these deficiencies in annual budgets since fiscal year 2003/04 (July-June). Nevertheless, despite rapidly rising expenditure and attempts to update the curriculum, with US assistance, the investment backlog is a major challenge for the government. In 2008 the UK and the World Bank appeared to shift away from their previous attempts to improve standards in madrassa schools, instead returning their focus to improving standards in state schools(1). The rate of literacy within each province/territorial area of the country with respect to gender literacy is displayed in the table below: 4 | P a g e
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Province Literacy Rate Male Literacy Female Literacy Sindh 51.5% 60.5% 42.5% N.W.F.P 47.4% 63% 30.8% Punjab 52% 70% 50% Balochistan 29% 40.5% 17.5% Compare this with the literacy goals established by the Government of Pakistan in 1998-99 for the next 12 years as shown in the table below indicates that more than 20% less literacy in female population due to the lack of resources and support. Many choose to stay at home for financial and family reasons. The government can be blamed for setting low standards and goals for the development of literacy in the country.
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