Chapter 4 Questions - Ch 4 Multiple Choice Identify the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch 4 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Organic chemistry is a science based on the study of a. functional groups. b. vital forces interacting with matter. c. carbon compounds. d. water and its interaction with other kinds of molecules. e. inorganic compounds. ____ 2. Early 19th-century scientists believed that living organisms differed from nonliving things as a result of possessing a "life force" that could create organic molecules from inorganic matter. The term given to this belief is a. organic synthesis. b. vitalism. c. mechanism. d. organic evolution. e. inorganic synthesis. ____ 3. The concept of vitalism is based on a belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical and chemical laws. According to this belief, organic compounds can arise only within living organisms. Which of the following did the most to refute the concept of vitalism? a. Wöhler's synthesis of urea b. Berzelius's distinction between organic and inorganic compounds c. Miller's experiments with ancient atmospheres d. Rodriguez's studies of phytochemicals e. Kolbe's synthesis of acetic acid ____ 4. The experimental approach taken in current biological investigations presumes that a. simple organic compounds can be synthesized in the laboratory from inorganic precursors, but complex organic compounds like carbohydrates and proteins can only be synthesized by living organisms. b. a life force ultimately controls the activities of living organisms and this life force cannot be studied by physical or chemical methods. c. although a life force, or vitalism, exists in living organisms, this life force cannot be studied by physical or chemical methods. d. living organisms are composed of the same elements present in nonliving things, plus a few special trace elements found in only living organisms or their products. e. living organisms can be understood in terms of the same physical and chemical laws that can be used to explain all natural phenomena. ____ 5. Which property of the carbon atom gives it compatibility with a greater number of different elements than any other type of atom? a. Carbon has 6 to 8 neutrons. b. Carbon has a valence of 4. c. Carbon forms ionic bonds. d. A and C only e. A, B, and C ____ 6. How many electron pairs does carbon share in order to complete its valence shell? a. 1 b. 2
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
c. 3 d. 4 e. 8 ____ 7. What type(s) of bond(s) does carbon have a tendency to form? a.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/13/2010 for the course ACT 101 taught by Professor Jenkins during the Spring '10 term at Alabama State University.

Page1 / 9

Chapter 4 Questions - Ch 4 Multiple Choice Identify the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online