phl1 - -11. What is the analogy between the individual and...

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-1 1. What is the analogy between the individual and society in Plato’s Republic? How does this relate to the ideal state and the types of societies that Plato finds to be corrupt? What sort of view of justice is found here? I. The analogy between the state and the individual is that the state is, in Plato’s view, a super-individual. A. Plato argues that society forms because individuals are not self-sufficient and through the specialization of labor a society prospers. 1. The ideal state in Plato’s view is a natural aristocracy. a. Plato argues that there should be three classes: 1. Producers 2. Warriors 3. Rulers b. Plato believed that society was just when relations between the classes were good. 1. Each group must do their part and not interfere with other groups. c. Plato claims the human soul has three parts, analogous to the three classes in society: 1. Rational part, which seeks truth 2. Spirited part, which seeks honor 3. Appetitive part, which seeks money d. Each of the three classes is dominated by one of the parts of the
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course PHL 318K taught by Professor Forget during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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phl1 - -11. What is the analogy between the individual and...

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