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Hobbes' view of nature and justice

Hobbes' view of nature and justice - the concept of justice...

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-1 5. What is Hobbes’ view of the state of nature and human nature? What is his theory of justice in the state of nature? How does this relate to justice in civil society? In nature Hobbes notes that men are essentially equal in ability but that this inevitably leads to an equality of hope in attaining their ends. However, men can become enemies when they both desire the same thing. Hobbes argues that men will attack others for gain, safety, and reputation in nature. In nature man is constantly at war with one another. His third law of nature is that men must keep their contracts, or else peace will be hindered. Hobbes notes that there is no concept of private property in nature. Therefore,
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Unformatted text preview: the concept of justice does not exist in nature because nobody owns anything. Hobbes argues that in nature man has a right to everything (he can claim something as his and then just kill those that oppose his assertion) and therefore no action can be unjust. A civil society forms because there is no fear in breaking contracts in nature and, consequently, men can break a contract whenever it is convenient for them to do so. In a civil society men are driven to uphold contracts under fear. Justice exists in a civil society because there are concepts of private property and enforceable contracts....
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