sept 29 - Week 6: Strategies for Survival ...

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Unformatted text preview: Week 6: Strategies for Survival Sept. 29, 2010 Explaining Trends in Poverty • Labor Market Conditions • Government Intervention • Demographic Trends Why is Poverty a Problem? • Poverty Rates are still very high • Poverty’s impact on families and communities o Impact on Families Family disruption stress with trying to make ends meet o Impact on Communities Physical Decaygraffiti, liter, etc. Social disorganizationdeclining trust among neighbors • Poverty’s persistence o Percent born poor who remain poor for at least half a childhood Women remain poor more than men Very few whites who are born poor stay that wayimpact on opportunities and resources available • Risks of poverty vary considerably across groups o Among the poor, 50% are workers o Most likely to be poor: Female Single ­parents Black Hispanic High School dropouts o Contingent on: Race • Causes of Ethno ­racial Differences in Poverty Risk o Family background o Human capital endowments o Neighborhoods of residence o Differential access to labor market opportunities o Engaging w/ marginalizing institutions Gender • Feminization of Poverty o Feminization Female headship Failures of private transfer system Meager government support and women and children o De ­feminization Women’s increased economics self ­ sufficiency Age • Men’s declining access to “family wage” jobs Consequences of Childhood Poverty o Impaired physical growth o Lower IQ, academic achievement, educational attainment o Higher likelihood of dependency Geographic Location ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2010 for the course SOC 81846 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '10 term at Berkeley.

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